H.M.H.S. Llandovery Castle

 

H.M.H.S. Llandovery Castle was built for the Union Castle Line at Glasgow in 1914 by Barclay, Curle & Co. Ltd.
 
She was commissioned in 1916 as a hospital ship for the transport of Canadian troops across the Atlantic.
 
On the 17th June 1918 she was en route to England from Nova Scotia, still more than a 100 miles off the coast of Ireland, when she was hit by a torpedo from u-boat U-86 under the command of Lieutenant Helmut Patzig, This was in contravention of international agreements not to attack hospital ships.
 
The Llandovery Castle sank within ten minutes without being able to send out a distress call.
 
The u-boat then surfaced and, according to the eye-witnesses, it ran down and opened fire on the survivors probably in an attempt to eliminate all witnesses to their crime.
 
Just one lifeboat, with twenty-four survivors, escaped to bear witness to the attack. They were rescued by H.M.S. Lysander some 35 hours later .
 
Of the 258 on board 164 crew, 80 members of the Canadian Medical Corps, 14 nurses perished. This was the largest loss of life caused by the sinking of a hospital ship. List of hospital ships sunk in World War I. Fortunately there were no patients on board or the loss of life would have been even greater. On her previous voyage she had carried 644 patients
 
Even at a time when outrage was commonplace the incident caused widespread horror and condemnation.
 
After the war Lieutenant Patzig was charged with war crimes but disappeared before trial. Two junior officers were both convicted but managed to escape before being imprisoned.
 
See also: The World War I Document Archive
  Ahoy - Mac's Web Log
  wrecksite
  wikipedia
Local Crew lost
OBIT RANK FORENAME SURNAME BURIED or COMMEMORATED
view Fireman ANDREW BARTON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer THOMAS BEDDOWS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer MICHAEL BRENNAN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer JOHN CUMISKEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor GEORGE CURTIS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Greaser WILLIAM FERGUSON alias McCANN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Watchman WILLIAM. FINDLAY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman GEORGE FRANKLIN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman THOMAS HAGAN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Deck Boy JOHN HOLLAND HOPLEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman EDWIN JOHN JONES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman JOHN JONES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman WILLIAM KELLY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman JOHN MACKENZIE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Pantry Boy SYDNEY MATTHEWS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman T MAYES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wardroom Attendant CHARLES McCOMBE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman EDMOND McINERNEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer J McMAHON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Quartermaster JAMES NICHOLSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman JOHN OWEN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman WILLIAM OWENS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman and Trimmer THOMAS JAMES PURCELL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Storekeeper JOHN HENRY RICHARDSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman Steward THOMAS ROLSTON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer GEORGE FRANCIS SHARROCK TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view 6th Engineer HAROLD SUMNER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer THOMAS WALKER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer FRANCIS CHARLES WALSH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
Other Crew lost
OBIT RANK FORENAME SURNAME BURIED or COMMEMORATED
view Steward FREDERICK CHARLES ADMANS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Third Engineer THOMAS ALLAN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman JOHN ALLEN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fourth Engineer Officer ALLAN JOHN ANDERSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Cook THOMAS ANDERSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wardroom Attendant ALFRED JAMES BAKER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Laundry Man FREDERICK VICTOR BARKER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward WILLIAM ARTHUR BATSFORD TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman GEORGE BRACKEN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer BRUCE BRADLEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman ALBERT BRAY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer GEORGE BROADBENT TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Donkeyman FREDERICK BROWN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Captain's Steward HARRY CAMPBELL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman GEORGE MCLACKLIN CAREY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward CLIFFORD HARTLEY CLARKE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Deck Boy WILLIAM JOSEPH CLEMENTS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward HARRY ROBERT COCKS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Chief Steward ERNEST P. COE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Ordinary Seaman WILLIAM JOHN COLLIER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman ERNEST COOK HARTLAND (OR STOKE ST. NECTAN) (ST. NECTAN) CHURCHYARD
view 7th Engineer ROBERT COULSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor WILLIE ELLIOTT CRELLIN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward WILLIAM JOHN CURRY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Greaser WILLIAM STEPHEN DAVEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wireless Operator EDGAR ALLAN DAVIES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor PATRICK DOYLE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman PERCY LIONEL EARL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward EDWARD JAMES EDWARDS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Deck Boy ALGIE VICTOR FARLEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor WILLIAM JOHN FOX TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer WILLIAM RICHARD FRY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman and Trimmer GEORGE FULLBROOK TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Ship's Cook CHARLES WILLIAM ALLISON FULTON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Greaser CHARLES EDWARD GARD TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Chef GIORANNI GIORGIS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer ANGELO GRIMA TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Butcher ALBERT JOHN HAWKER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wireless Operator GEORGE ERNEST HAWKES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Butcher ALFRED JAMES HEATH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman GEORGE HEATH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman WILLIAM HENEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman WILLIAM ERNEST HILL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Quartermaster JOHN HITCHENS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Deck Boy BENJAMIN HOBBS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Greaser ARTHUR HODGE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Baker MADIN HOGAN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman FREDERICK HOOPER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Electrician BURTON THOMAS. JOHNSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward FRANCIS WILLIAM JOHNSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman HARRY JOSEPH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman JAMES JUSTICE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Second Cook MARTIN ALEXANDER WALTER KADREWELL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor JOHN FREDERICK KELLY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Bed Steward WILLIAM KENTFIELD TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman THOMAS INMAN KING TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Carpenter's Mate JOHN FREDERICK BRANCH KINLOCH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward RAYMOND EDGAR LACEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward HENRY LAMB TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Second Baker B LANE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view 2nd Class Waiter ALFRED WILLIAM LE MARECHAL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman LAWRENCE LEE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Second Engineer WILLIAM LEIGHTON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman ALFRED THOMAS LODGE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Deck Boy JAMES GILBERT LONG United Kingdom
view Kitchen Porter FREDERICK LEONARD MANLEY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Head Waiter SAMUEL JOHN MAYNARD TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward SIDNEY McALLEN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Ship's Cook WILLIAM McALLISTER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Carpenter JAMES MURDOCK McIVER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Scullion ALBERT JAMES MILLS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Greaser WILLIAM MOIR TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Baker and Confectioner HERBERT JOSEPH MOREY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Cook FRANCIS JOHN MORGAN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman JAMES MULCAHY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Pantryman ROBERT HENRY GEORGE MURPHY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman RICHARD OBEE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman JAMES OGDEN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman THOMAS WILLIAM JOB PAINES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor WALTER HENRY LASCELLES PARSONS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Cook LEONARD JOHN PAY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wardroom Attendant ARTHUR CHARLES PEARCE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Second Assistant Cook EDGAR ATHELING POWELL TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Chief Mate JOSEPH ROWLAND TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Boatswain ROBERT SHARP TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Stewardess CLARA HARRIETT SHEAD TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman RAYMOND CYRIL SHORT TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wardroom Attendant F SINDEN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Boy HARRY GLENCO SLATER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman ALFRED JAMES SMITH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Pantryman GEORGE HENRY SMITH TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Storekeeper JOHN SNEDDON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Bathman ERNEST STARMER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Sailor REUBEN HENRY START TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Bathman H W STRACHAN TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Engineer's Steward OWEN EDWARD SUMMERS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Chief Engineer WILLIAM GEORGE SUTTON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer THOMAS SWEET TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman CHARLES TAYLOR TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fifth Engineer Officer MURRAY CHRISTOPHER TAYLOR TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer GEORGE THOMAS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Trimmer GEORGE THOMAS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman KENNETH ALBERT THOMAS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward VICTOR GEORGE TUNKS-CLARKE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Third Mate BENJAMIN HAROLD TURNER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Storekeeper WALTER FRENCH VANCE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Officer's Steward 1st Class WALTER HENRY VINCENT TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Laundry Man JOHN WATKINS TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Able Seaman W WATSON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wardroom Attendant ARTHUR WAY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Bed Steward THOMAS WEEDON TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view First Bed Steward ARCHIBALD ARTHUR WELLER TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Cook ERNEST EVELYN WHITE TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view 2nd Steward PERCY JOHN WHITTY TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Wardroom Attendant JAMES WYATT TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Fireman FREDERICK THOMAS YEELES TOWER HILL MEMORIAL
view Assistant Steward EMMANUELE ZAHRA TOWER HILL MEMORIAL